Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Kingdom of England': Continental Europe Island country Sovereign state England and Wales Great Britain Wales Capital Gloucester Kingdom of Scotland Westminster Winchester Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain Heptarchy Nation state Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542 Norman invasion of Wales Statute of Rhuddlan Acts of Union 1707 Kingdom of Great Britain Countries of the United Kingdom England Political union Capital (political) De facto London United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Anglo-Saxons Britannia Roman Britain East Anglia Kingdom of Essex Kingdom of Kent Kingdom of Sussex Mercia Northumbria Wessex Viking 10th century Athelstan of England Angles Frisians Jutes Saxons Bretwalda High king List of monarchs of Wessex Dore Egbert of Wessex Egbert